This term was described by Marianna Palvovskaya in as “combining the powers of mapping, information technologies, and critical social theory” in order to provide “new possibilities for acting upon the growing social contradiction of the neoliberal era” (Palvovskaya 41). It emerged in the 1990s, but did not become popular until the 2000s.
Accessed from “Critical GIS as a tool for social transformation” by Marianna Palvovskaya
“A network of knowledge, ideology, and practice that defines, inscribes, and represents environmental and social patterns within a broader economy of signification that calls forth new ways of thinking, acting, and writing” (Pickles 1995).
Accessed from https://www.igi-global.com/dictionary/modern-cartography-and-gis/42545