The traditional or conventional images or symbols associated with a subject and especially a religious or legendary subject.
Sourced from Merriam-Webster: https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/iconography
The visual images and symbols used in a work of art or the study or interpretation of these.
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“This iconography links ‘Terra to Natura and Scientia, and Ripa explains that her attributes transform her into a figure of both nature and culture: she is the mother of all animals; the globe denotes the sphere of the earth, while the cornucopia and foliage represent the products of the land; the crown “alludes to the buildings for the accommodation of the inhabitants.” [Taken from The Worldmakers by Ayesha Ramachandran Pg. 11]
“Mercator’s iconography rationalizes the task of holding up the world as a metaphor for the intellectual grasp of its structure: Diodorus explains the mythic depiction of Atlas as an expression of his command of astrology and knowledge of the spheres.” [Taken from The Worldmakers by Ayesha Ramachandran Pg. 42]
Ayesha Ramachandran, “The Worldmakers,” (Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, 2015).